Growing other Spring Flowering Bulbs

ALLIUMS are easy to grow. Plant the bulbs just below the surface in a sunny position in a well drained soil. Alliums may be dug and stored like onions (taking care not to eat them) after leaves die down.

AMARYLLIS Belladonna Lilies When growing these outdoors, plant bulbs just below the surface and use a compost mulch when dormant in summer. Grow in a moderately fertile, well- drained soil in full sun. Water moderately during growing season and keep bulbs dry while dormant in late summer. Protect from frost or grow indoors as these bulbs are excellent for pots. Use a loam based compost with added leaf mould and sharp sand. Place pots in full light and water moderately.                                                                                                                           

ANEMONES These are ideal for mass planting. The small bulbs may be soaked in cold water for 24 hours prior to planting 7-10 cm deep in mainly full sun. Easy to grow as a colourful ‘filler’ in any garden.

BRODIAE Queen Fabiola Plant 7 cm deep in full sun or partial shade. Similar to Ipheion.

CHIONODOXA Glory in the Snow These will flower early in Spring and can be planted 10cm deep and 15cm apart either in full sun or semi-shaded position. The bulbs do well under deciduous shrubs and trees and can be left in the ground to naturalize.                                                                                                             

COLCHICUM Plant these just below the surface in full sun. See under Crocus sativus and Autumn Crocus.  

CROCUS SATIVUS (Saffron Crocus) & Autumn Flowering Crocus. Saffron Crocus prefer a cool to cold winter and warm to hot summer. Plant in March, 7-10 cm deep in a well drained, moderately fertilized soil in full sun. They can be left in the ground for several years. It is recommended to divide them every 2-3 years. The corms need time to adapt to local conditions and will generally multiply rapidly. Do not irrigate during dormancy. Please keep corms in a cool, dark, dry place until planting time.

CROCUS VERNUS (Dutch Crocus) & crocus SPECIES (Crocus Chrysanthus)  May be used for naturalizing in gardens and rockeries, but prevent excessive irrigation during dormancy. Plant approx 8 cm deep and 10 cm apart in a well drained garden soil. Full sun preferred.  

ERANTHIS Winter Aconite Soak the small bulbs in cold water for 24 hours prior to planting. Plant about 10 cm deep in a well drained soil. Full sun to partial shade preferred. These may be left to naturalize in the garden. Low growing plants with ‘Buttercup’ like flowers.                                                                                     

ERYTHRONIUM Trout Lily This plant does best in a woodland setting perhaps together with Cyclamen and Scillas. Plant bulbs 10-12 cm deep in a moist, but well drained soil in a semi-shaded position. Added peat will enhance the moisture holding capacity of the soil. Bulbs should remain slightly damp during storage and before planting time or leave bulbs in the ground.                                                                                         

FREESIAS These corms grow to height of approx. 35 cm and should be planted about 5 cm deep and 10 cm apart in a well drained, but moist soil. They prefer a warm, sunny position and can be left in the ground for many years, but can be transplanted as soon as the foliage has died down. Freesias are sensitive to frost, so it is advised that the corms are mulched with straw or similar to protect them from frost or alternatively the corms may be planted in pots.                                                                                        

FRITILLARIA Fritillarias do not have a skin, so please handle with care and do not let the bulbs dry out. It’s best to leave them in the ground to naturalize or alternatively (F. imperialis) dug up and stored in a dry, dark and cool place. Bulbs left in the ground should be mulched during dormancy to prevent them from drying out and to keep the ground nice and cool.      

FRITILLARIA MELEAGRIS Snake’s HeadThe bulbs should be planted in the full sun to partial shade immediately after bulbs have been received. They prefer a moist sandy type soil and it is advised that peat be added to the soil. They should be planted 12.5 cm deep and 5 cm apart. The bulbs should be left in the ground to naturalize and the leaves, once yellow, cut off. The bulbs can also be grown in pots.                                                                                                       

FRITILLARIA UVA VULPIS & FRITILLARIA PONTICA These also require similar soil conditions as F. Meleagris, but these bulbs are in need of a more semi- shaded position. Excellent for naturalizing under trees or shrubs. Plant 12 cm deep surrounding the bulbs with some sand.  Also suitable for pot culture.                                                                                                                        

GALANTHUS Original Snowdrop Plant these as soon as possible after arrival. These bulbs should be planted in the coldest part of the garden, preferably in a semi shaded position.Galanthus nivalis & woronowii should be grown under deciduous trees where the plants receive only filtered sunlight. Bulbs planted in tubs and positioned under trees are also a good way of growing G. nivalis. A well drained soil is essential. Galanthus elwesiican handle a little more warmth & sun and is therefore better suited to Australian conditions.  All Galanthus bulbs can be left in the ground to naturalize.                                                    

Gladiolus Nanus Miniature Gladioli These should be planted in the full sun approximately 10 cm deep and 10 cm apart in fertile, well drained soil. As these grow to 40-60 cm, they are suitable for pots, but ensure that pots are protected from severe cold weather. If planted in the garden, the corms can be left in the ground; however, in frost prone areas in particular, it is best to lift the corms when the leaves have died down or turn brown/yellow. Keep corms in a dry, cool place when storing during dormancy. 

HYACINTHS Plant in April-May in well drained garden beds, 10 cm deep and 15 cm apart. The growing conditions are similar to that of tulips. See also under tulips and growing bulbs in pots and water.

IPHEION Spring Star FlowerPlant these small bulbs 7- 10 cm deep in a well drained soil in full sun. Easy to grow.                                                              

IRIS Iris hollandica or Dutch Iris prefer a sunny position in a fertile well-drained garden soil (see under tulips). Plant bulbs about 10 cm deep and 10 cm apart in the months of April and May. These bulbs are best planted in clumps. After flowering, the dead flowers or seed pods should be removed to promote bulb growth.

Iris reticulata,also called miniature Iris, are excellent for use in rockeries and pot culture. The bulbs should be planted about 10 cm deep and 5 cm apart in a sunny or semi -shaded position and can be left in the ground to naturalize.                                                                                                                                    

IXIAS African Corn Lily Plant 7-10 cm deep in a sandy, well drained soil in full sun. They prefer a sheltered position in cold regions as frost can do some damage to leave growth.

LEUCOJUMGrow in moderately fertile, well drained soil in full sun. Leave in the ground to naturalize. See also Narcissus.

MUSCARIEasy to grow bulbs and excellent for naturalizing mainly in full sun. Plant 10cm deep. A reasonable good, well drained, garden soil is required but avoid wet areas. Both Muscari macrocarpum & ambrosiacum needs warm summers to flower well and prefer it a touch drier.

NARCISSUS DaffodilsThese bulbs are very hardy and easy to grow and can be left in the ground for many years to naturalize. Plant the bulbs in a sunny position during April-May, preferably in clumps, 10 cm deep and 15 cm apart.  Most varieties are suitable to naturalize in grassy areas.  As with all bulbs do not cut or mow off leaves until leaves are yellow and dying off.                                                                                                                                 

PUSCHKINNIAsee Chionodoxa   

RANUNCULUSEasy to grow in a light, maybe sandy, soil in full sun or partial shade. The small spider type bulbs may be soaked in cold water for 3-4 hours prior to planting. Plant 7-10 cm deep. This is a good colourful ‘filler’ type bulb to plant among Tulips and Daffodils.                                                                                                                             

SCILLAGrow in a well drained soil in full sun or dappled light. Plant about 10cm deep. Excellent for ‘massing’ and to naturalize in the garden. Easy to grow.                                                               

SPARAXISOkay to naturalize in the garden in regions with a mild winter. See under Ixias.